Dog training is the process of teaching a dog to perform certain behaviors under various circumstances and in certain roles. It is a general term not describing by itself either what or how the dog is taught.
There are as many areas to train a dog in as there are methods. Most often certain methods, or combinations of methods are applied to any area of training. Obedience, herding, agility, tracking, retrieving, hunting, guard, and schutzhund are common areas of dog training.
The specific behaviors taught in each case are different, but the underlying principles are similar.
As pack animals, wild canines have natural instincts that favor cooperation with their compatriots. These instincts have been refined and exaggerated through years of selective breeding by humans, and are manifested in the domestic dog’s adeptness at correctly interpreting and responding to signals given by a human handler. The handler is simply whoever is working with a dog at the time.
Some people prefer to hire a professional dog trainer. Others enjoy the convenience of watching a DVD or CD dog training course. Then there is always the possibility of learning something about dog training by reading a good dog training ebook.